The Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Managed by Jumeirah hotel group, it is one of the tallest hotels in the world, although 39% of its total height is made up of non-occupiable space. The building opened on 1 December 1999.
Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island that is 280 m from Jumeirah Beach and is connected to the mainland by a private curving bridge. The shape of the structure is designed to resemble the sail of a ship. It has a helipad near the roof, at a height of 210 m above ground.
The design and construction were managed by Canadian engineer Rick Gregory, also of WS Atkins. Construction of the island began in 1994 and involved up to 2,000 construction workers during peak construction. It was built to resemble the billowing spinnaker sail of a J-class yacht. Two “wings” spread in a V to form a vast “mast”, while the space between them is enclosed in a massive atrium.
Several features of the hotel required complex engineering feats to achieve. The hotel rests on an artificial island constructed 280 m offshore. To secure a foundation, the builders drove 230 40-meter-long concrete piles into the sand by drilling method. The building contains over 70,000 m3 of concrete and 9,000 tons of steel, one of which is for the skeletal structural frames. Inside the building, the atrium is 180 m tall. The 18 storeys atrium is enclosed by 12 individually tensioned two-layer membrane panels from the north-facing façade.
The Burj Al Arab is a five-star hotel, with the highest official ranking. While the hotel is sometimes erroneously described as “the world’s only ‘seven-star’ hotel”, the hotel management claims never to have done that themselves.
Burj Al Arab has many luxurious services such as a butler, a shuttle by Rolls Royce, or a helicopter. The rooms here all have their own library, movie theater, swivel bed, and marble bathroom. Inside the hotel, there are 8 restaurants, including an underwater restaurant that helps guests enjoy food while watching sea creatures swim around.
According to Wikipedia