Palawan is the largest island of the province of Palawan in the Philippines and fifth-largest by area and tenth-most populous island in the country. Much of the island remains traditional and is considered by some as underdeveloped. Abundant wildlife, jungle mountains, and some white sandy beaches attract many tourists, as well as international companies looking for development opportunities.
Palawan’s outstanding land and seascapes make it a world-class cultural, adventure, and nature destination. From trekking through the hills, valleys, and rivers to snorkeling and diving, there are truly remarkable experiences awaiting you in Palawan.
The natural environment of Palawan is varied and breathtaking. From game and marine reserves to lakes and subterranean rivers, coral reefs, and fabulous beaches there is much to experience. Named after the largest of its 1,780 islands, biodiversity hotspot Palawan is the “last ecological frontier” of the Philippines. The emerald archipelago is strung across turquoise waters, making island-hopping the best way to experience signature Palawan experiences like floating through an underground river, swimming in hidden lagoons, and diving among World War II shipwrecks.
The more adventurous traveler can visit one of Palawan’s indigenous people, the Batak, whose settlements are on the slope of Cleopatra’s Needle. The Tabon and Palawan Museums with their displays of prehistoric artifacts from the Tabon caves and items from the Spanish era bring the areas’ local history to life and are well worth exploring.
There is an amazing variety of architecture from the famous Lighthouses at Poblacion and Brooke’s Point, to the Fort at Cagayancillo and Culion Cathedral. For a more lively experience of Palawan culture, there are numerous colorful and exciting festivals held throughout the year featuring parades, processions, religious ceremonies, and dance displays.
As of 2016, the main island of Palawan was rated the “Most Beautiful Island in the World” as voted by respective readers of rival travel publications Conde Nast Traveller and Travel + Leisure. It is the second year running that Palawan has won the Conde Nast Traveller award, as well as the second time in four years that it has occupied Travel + Leisure’s top spot (2013). El Nido, located at the northern tip of the island, is also currently rated the “Most Beautiful Beach in the World” by Conde Nast Traveller readers. In 2007, National Geographic Traveler magazine rated Palawan the best island destination in the East and Southeast Asia region.
According to Wikipedia