The Hexagon Pool is a natural pool by the Meshushim River in the Yehudiya Forest Nature Reserve, central Golan Heights. It is a large pool (around 20 x 30 m) surrounded by a cliff made up of numerous hexagonal basalt pillars. The hexagonal pillars, standing vertically around the sides of the pool, are a uniquely beautiful natural sight.
The pool, at the bottom of a canyon, is named after the shape of the hexagonal basalt columns that make up its walls. This phenomenon is caused by flowing streams of molten lava that have cooled and, in a slow process, formed basalt rocks. When the lava solidifies very slowly and without interruption, the shape it forms is a hexagon.
A cascade of water, such as a waterfall, created the pool. The walls are columns of basalt in angular formations that appear man-made. The columns reach a height of approximately 5 meters, and most have five or six sides. The diameter of each column is between 30 and 40 centimeters. Walls of basalt columns exist in other places in the Golan Heights, along the Meshushim (Hexagons) and Zavitan Rivers.
In Arabic, the hexagon riverbed is called wadi el hawa, or wadi of the winds. While it is true that there are often very substantial winds in the pool, they aren’t any stronger here than anywhere else. The Hebrew name of mesushim (six sides) is more fitting for although there are hexagonal phenomena in a few other riverbeds, nowhere are they as impressive and magnificent as they are here.