Ein Avdat or Ein Ovdat is a canyon in the Negev Desert of Israel, south of Kibbutz Sde Boker. The Ein Avdat canyon is characterized by a series of parallel ridges and grooves that run along the walls of the canyon. There are some explanations. These features are called “tafoni” and are formed by the weathering of the sandstone rock. The tafoni are created when water seeps into the rock and freezes, expanding and cracking the rock. Over time, the cracks widen and deepen, forming the characteristic ridges and grooves.

The Ein Avdat canyon is characterized by a distinctive pattern of alternating bands of white and pink sandstone. This pattern is the result of the deposition of different layers of sediment over millions of years. The white layers are composed of calcite, which is a mineral that is dissolved in water and then precipitated out of solution. The pink layers are composed of sandstone, which is a sedimentary rock that is made up of sand grains that have been cemented together.

The alternating bands of white and pink sandstone are exposed in the walls of the canyon, creating a striking visual effect. The pattern is also evident in the canyon floor, where the different layers of sediment have been eroded to different depths. The canyon is located in an area of tectonic activity. This means that the rocks in the area are constantly being pushed and pulled, which has helped to create the distinctive pattern of the sandstone.

The Ein Avdat Canyon is a beautiful and unique natural wonder. The striped pattern of the tafoni is a testament to the power of water erosion.

According to the Internet