Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in Western Europe. It borders Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital and most populous city, Luxembourg, is one of the four institutional seats of the European Union (together with Brussels, Frankfurt, and Strasbourg) and the seat of several EU institutions, notably the Court of Justice of the European Union, the highest judicial authority.

In 2018, the Government sought to prioritize the environment and end some of the world’s worst traffic congestion. Fares on trains, trams, and buses would be lifted next summer under the plans of the re-elected coalition government led by Xavier Bettel, who was sworn in for a second term as prime minister.

On 29 February 2020, Luxembourg became the first country in the world to make all public transport in the country (buses, trams, and trains) free to use. The small country has been working towards a vision of “free mobility” with the aim of alleviating constant traffic issues and finding a more suitable model for sustainability. Luxembourg’s inhabitants are used to having their cars: on average, Luxembourg is the European country with the most cars per person.

However, more than free incentives will be needed to persuade Luxembourgians to change their ways. The plan also has a major hitch: with outdated buses, train delays, and the construction of the country’s tram network still underway, the country’s infrastructure isn’t built for this system as it currently is.

On 1 October 2022, Malta became the second country in the world to make its public transport system free for all residents. Germany is also considering making their public transit system fare-free.

According to businessinsider/Wikipedia