With plants ranging from tropical rainforest species to alpine and desert plants, the botanical garden is home to over 17,000 species of ex-situ plants – those transferred from their habitat – including 643 species of rare and endangered plants and 337 species of national key protected wild plants.
China had started building a system of national botanical gardens in places like Beijing and Guangzhou. The Beijing garden was unveiled on April 18.
As one of the countries with the richest plant diversity in the world, China has more than 37,000 known species of land plants, accounting for about 10 percent of the total in the globe.
The establishment of a national botanical garden system will enable the country to collect and completely preserve wild plant groups, maintain plant diversity and benefit humanity in the long term.
With a total area of 319 hectares, including the exhibition section and the research section, the botanical garden has 38 specialized gardens for 17,168 classified species of ex-situ conservation, three research centers, and one museum of plant specimens, two field research bases, and three key laboratories.
Taking the ex-situ conservation of plant resources from South China and global tropical and subtropical regions as the core, the botanical garden has conserved more than 20,000 species of plants including 6,000 species of plants with economic value, with 95 percent of rare and endangered plants in South China conserved through translocation.
According to globaltimes