The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion in eastern Brazil. It is the world’s largest savanna, covering over 2 million square kilometers. The Cerrado is home to an incredible diversity of plants and animals, with over 5,000 species of plants and 1,600 species of vertebrates, including many that are found nowhere else on Earth. The Cerrado is also a vital source of water and other resources for millions of people.
A savanna is a mixed woodland-grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.
The Cerrado is home to a variety of different ecosystems, including woodland savannas with twisted trees and shrubs, open grasslands with tall grasses and wildflowers, gallery forests along rivers and streams, rock outcrops with unique plants and animals, wetlands and marshes.
The Cerrado is a hotspot for biodiversity, with over 5% of the world’s plant and animal species found there. Some of the most iconic animals of the Cerrado include the giant anteater, the hyacinth macaw, the maned wolf, and the jaguar.
The Cerrado is also a vital source of water and other resources for millions of people. The region’s rivers and streams provide drinking water, irrigation water, and hydroelectric power. The Cerrado is also home to a number of important agricultural crops, including soybeans, corn, and cotton.
According to the Internet