Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858–January 6, 1919) was born in New York into one of the old Dutch families which had settled in America in the seventeenth century.
At eighteen he entered Harvard College and spent four years there, dividing his time between books and sport and excelling at both.
After leaving Harvard he studied in Germany for almost a year and then immediately entered politics. He was elected to the Assembly of New York State, holding office for three years and distinguishing himself as an ardent reformer.
President Harrison, after his election in 1889, appointed Roosevelt as a member of the Civil Service Commission of which he later became president.
This office he retained until 1895 when he undertook the direction of the Police Department of New York City. In 1897 he joined President McKinley’s administration as assistant secretary of the Navy.
While in this office he actively prepared for the Cuban War, which he saw was coming, and when it broke out in 1898, went to Cuba as lieutenant colonel of a regiment of volunteer cavalry.
Roosevelt also played a prominent part in extending the use of arbitration to international problems in the Western Hemisphere, concluding several arbitration treaties with European powers too, although the Senate refused to ratify them.
In June, 1905, President Roosevelt offered his good offices as a mediator between Russia and Japan, asking the belligerents to nominate plenipotentiaries to negotiate on the conditions of peace.
In August they met at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and after some weeks of difficult negotiations concluded a peace treaty in September, 1905.
Roosevelt was a historian, a biographer, a statesman, a hunter, a naturalist, an orator. His prodigious literary output includes twenty-six books, over a thousand magazine articles, thousands of speeches and letters.
He was awarded Nobel Peace prize 1906 for being the collaborator of various peace treaties, President of the United States of America. In addition, Roosevelt was also the first statesman to be awarded the Peace Prize.
According to nobelprize